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Nickelodeon (often shortened to Nick) is an American pay television network which was launched on December 1, 1977 as the first cable channel for children. It is owned by Viacom through its Viacom Media Networks division's Nickelodeon Group unit and is based in New York City. It broadcasts usually from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on weekdays (the sign off time varies with holidays and special programming), Saturdays from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m., and Sundays from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time). It is primarily aimed at children and adolescents aged 2–17.

The channel was originally first tested as Pinwheel on December 1, 1977. Pinwheel was at the time only available on QUBE, which was the first two-way major market interactive cable television system, owned by Warner Cable. Pinwheel relaunched as "Nick" on April 1, 1979, and expanded to other cable providers nationwide. It was initially commercial-free and remained without advertising until 1984. Warner sold Nickelodeon, along with its sister networks MTV and VH1, to Viacom in 1986.

As of September 2018, the channel is available to about 87.167 million households in the United States.

History

The channel's name comes from the first five cent movie theaters called nickelodeons. Its history dates back to December 1, 1977, when Warner Cable Communications launched the first two-way interactive cable system, QUBE, in Columbus, Ohio. Under the name Pinwheel Network, the C-3 cable channel carried Pinwheel daily from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time. Nickelodeon launched on April 1, 1979,initially distributed to Warner Cable systems via satellite on the RCA Satcom-1 transponder (the owner of the satellite, RCA Americom, later became GE Americom as a result of General Electric's acquisition of RCA Americom's parent company, RCA Corporation, before merging with Luxembourg based Société Européenne des Satellites to form SES Global, now SES S.A, which one of the descendants of the Satcom series, the SES and AMC satellite constellations, stil operate, Nickelodeon presently broadcasts on AMC-11). Originally commercial-free, advertising was introduced in January 1984.

Programming

Nickelodeon's schedule currently consists largely of original series aimed at children, pre-teens and young teenagers, including animated series (such as SpongeBob SquarePants, The Loud House, and Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles), to live-action comedy and action series (such as Power Rangers, Henry Danger, Knight Squad, along with the month-long running show Hunter Street), as well as series aimed at a younger audience (such as Top Wing, PAW Patrol, Shimmer and Shine, Blaze and the Monster Machines, and Rusty Rivets). It also airs reruns of select original series that have ended their runs (such as iCarly and The Fairly OddParents), as well as occasional original made-for-TV movies. It also aired bi-monthly special editions of Nick News with Linda Ellerbee, a news magazine series aimed at children that debuted in 1992 as a weekly series which ended in 2015.

Nicktoons

Nicktoons is the branding for Nickelodeon's original animated television series (although it has seldom been used by the network itself since the 2002 launch of the high-tier subscription channel of the same name). Until 1991, the animated series that aired on Nickelodeon were largely imported from foreign countries, and some original animated specials were also featured on the channel up to that point. Original animated series continue to make up a substantial portion of Nickelodeon's lineup, with roughly 6 to 7 hours of these programs airing on the weekday schedule and around nine hours on weekends, including a five-hour weekend morning animation block. Since the late 2000s, after the channel struck a deal with DreamWorks Animation in 2006 to develop the studio's animated films into weekly series,[16] the network has also begun to incorporate Nicktoons that use three-dimensional computer animation (such as The Penguins of Madagascar, Fanboy & Chum Chum, and Winx Club) in addition to those that are produced through traditional or digital ink and paint. A new Garfield series is in the works for Nickelodeon.

Movies

Nickelodeon does not air theatrically released or direct-to-video movies on a regular basis; however, it does produce its own original made-for-TV movies, which usually premiere in weekend evening timeslots or on school holidays.

The channel occasionally airs feature films produced by the network's Nickelodeon Movies film production division (whose films are distributed by sister company Paramount Pictures). Although the film division bears the Nickelodeon brand name, the channel does not have access to most of the movies produced by its film unit. Nickelodeon does have broadcast rights to most feature films based on or that served as the basis for original series produced by it (such as Barnyard: The Original Party Animals); the majority of the live-action feature films produced under the Nickelodeon Movies banner are licensed for broadcast by various free-to-air and pay television outlets within the United States other than Nickelodeon (although the network has aired a few live-action Nickelodeon Movies releases such as Angus, Thongs and Perfect Snogging and Good Burger).

Nickelodeon also advertises hour-long episodes of its original series as movies; though the "TV movie" versions of Nickelodeon's original series differ from traditional television films in that they have shorter running times (approximately 45 minutes, as opposed to 75–100 minute run times that most television movies have), and use a traditional multi-camera setup for regular episodes (unless the program is natively shot in the single-camera setup common of films) with some on-location filming. Nickelodeon also periodically acquires theatrically released feature films for broadcast on the channel including Universal's Barbie: A Fashion Fairytale, several Monster High films, and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles Forever (which was later released by Nickelodeon Movies through Paramount for DVD release), with the Barbie and Monster High films usually aired under a brokered format in which Mattel purchases the time in order to promote the release of their films on DVD within a few days of the Nickelodeon premiere, an arrangement possible as Nickelodeon does not have to meet the Federal Communications Commission rules which disallow that arrangement for broadcast channels due to regulations disallowing paid programming to children.

Programs Broadcast by Nickelodeon

Show Title Year(s) Aired
The Pinwheel Show 1977
Nickel Flicks 1979
America Goes Bananaz 1979
Hocus Focus 1979
By the Way 1979
Video Comic Book 1979
Children's Classics 1979
First Row Features 1980
Pop Clips 1980
Live Wire 1980
What Will They Think of Next! 1980
Dusty's Treehouse 1980
Kids' Writes 1981
Reggie Jackson's World of Sports 1981
Adventures in Rainbow County 1981
Vegetable Soup 1981
Matt and Jenny 1981
You Can't Do That on Television 1981
The Tomorrow People 1981
Against the Odds 1982
Standby...Lights! Camera! Action! 1982
The Adventures of Black Beauty 1982
Spread Your Wings 1982
Today's Special 1982
Mr. Wizards's World 1983
The Third Eye 1983
Going Great 1983
Nick Rocks 1984
Out of Control 1984
Belle & Sebastian 1984
Powerhouse 1984
Vic's Vacant Lot 1984
Danger Mouse 1984
Lassie 1984
Turkey Television 1985
National Geographic Explorer 1985
The Adventures of The Little Prince 1985
Bananaman 1985
Hangin' In 1985
Star Trek: The Animated Series 1985
Dennis the Menace 1985
Double Dare 1986
Rated K: For Kids, By Kids 1986
The Monkees 1986
The Mysterious Cities of Gold 1986
Sparkatus and the Sun Beneath the Sea 1986
Zoo Family 1986
Finders Keepers 1987
Sixteen Cinema 1987
Inspector Gadget 1987
Adventures of the Little Koala 1987
The Shari Show 1987
Maple Town 1987
The Elephant Show 1987
Don't Just Sit There 1988
Kids' Court 1988
Noozles 1988
Count Duckula 1988
The World of David the Gnome 1988
Heathcliff 1988
Looney Tunes 1988
Total Panic 1989
Fred Penner's Place 1989
Hey Dude 1989
The Patty Duke Show 1989
Eureeka's Castle 1989
Grimm's Fairy Tale Classics 1989
SK8-TV 1990
Outta Here 1990
Flipper 1990
Nickelodeon's Most Wanted: Yogi Bear 1990
Wild & Crazy Kids 1990
Maya the Bee 1990
Fifteen 1991
Welcome Freshmen 1991
Get the Picture 1991
What Would You Do? 1991
The Adventures of Pete & Pete 1991
Launch Box 1991
Clarissa Explains It All 1991
The Littl' Bits 1991
Are You Afraid of the Dark? 1991
The Nick Hit List 1991
Salute Your Shorts 1991
Doug 1991
Rugrats 1991
Mork & Mindy 1991
The Ren & Stimpy Show 1991
Nick Jr. Rocks 1991
Nick Arcade 1992
Bullwinkle's Moose-o-Rama 1992
Nickelodeon Guts 1992
The Wild Side Show 1992
Jim Henson's Muppet Babies 1992
Nick News with Linda Ellerbee 1992
Roundhouse 1992
Underdog 1992
Rocko's Modern Life 1993
Legends of the Hidden Temple 1993
Wienerville 1993
Aaahh!!! Real Monsters 1994
All That 1994
Allegra's Window 1994
The Adventures of Tintin 1994
Gullah Gullah Island 1994
Papa Beaver's Storytime 1994
The Secret World of Alex Mack 1994
Beetlejuice 1994
Gumby 1994
The Muppet Show 1994
My Brother and Me 1994
Little Bear 1995
Tiny Toon Adventures 1995
Land of the Lost 1995
Alvin and the Chipmunks 1995
The Busy World of Richard Scarry 1995
Global Guts 1995
Rupert 1995
Hey Arnold! 1996
KaBlam! 1996
Blue's Clues 1996
Land of the Lost 1996
Kenan & Kel 1996
The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss 1996
The Angry Beavers 1997
Figure It Out 1997
The Wonder Years 1997
The Journey of Allen Strange 1997
Garfield and Friends 1997
CatDog 1998
The Wild Thornberrys 1998
Oh Yeah! Cartoons 1998
You're On! 1998
The Brady Bunch 1998
Animorphs 1998
Binyah Binyah! 1998
Cousin Skeeter 1998
You're on Nickelodeon, Charlie Brown 1998
Rocket Power 1999
100 Deeds for Eddie McDowd 1999
Little Bill 1999
Kipper 1999
Ace Ventura: Pet Detective 1999
Franklin 1999
The Brothers Flub 1999
Maisy 1999
The Amanda Show 1999
SpongeBob SquarePants 1999
As Told By Ginger 2000
The Brothers Garcia 2000
Noah Knows Best 2000
Caitlin's Way 2000
Dora the Explorer 2000
Pelswick 2000
Pinky and the Brain 2000
Maggie and the Ferocious Beast 2000
Shining Time Station 2000
Invader Zim 2001
The Fairly OddParents 2001
Action League Now! 2001
Taina 2001
Oswald 2001
Animaniacs 2001
Bob the Builder 2001
Butt-Ugly Martians 2001
ChalkZone 2002
The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius 2002
Max & Ruby 2002
Yakkity Yak 2002
Robot Wars
Super Duper Sumos 2002
Scaredy Camp 2002
Speed Racer X 2002
The Nick Cannon Show 2002
All Grown Up! 2003
My Life as a Teenage Robot 2003
Romeo! 2003
Oobi 2003
Rubadubbers 2003
Sabrina the Teenage Witch 2003
Danny Phantom 2004
Drake & Josh 2004
Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide 2004
Unfabulous 2004
The Backyardigans 2004
Blue's Room 2004
Curious Buddies 2004
LazyTown 2004
Miss Spider's Sunny Patch Friends 2004
Avatar: The Last Airbender 2005
Zoey 101 2005
Catscratch 2005
Mr. Meaty 2005
The X's 2005
Go, Diego, Go! 2005
Jack's Big Music Show 2005
6teen 2005
My Dad the Rock Star 2005
Just for Kicks 2006
Wonder Pets! 2006
Kappa Mikey 2006
Wow! Wow! Wubbzy! 2006
Tak and the Power of Juju 2007
Just Jordan 2007
Ni Hao, Kai-Lan 2007
Back at the Barnyard 2007
The Naked Brothers Band 2007
Yo Gabba Gabba! 2007
iCarly 2007
Wayside 2007
The Mighty B! 2008
True Jackson, VP 2008
My Family's Got Guts 2008
H20: Just Add Water 2008
The Penguins of Madagascar 2008
Fanboy & Chum Chum 2009
Big Time Rush 2009
BrainSurge 2009
The Fresh Beat Band 2009
Olivia 2009
The Troop 2009
Planet Sheen 2010
Victorious 2010
Team Umizoomi 2010
T.U.F.F. Puppy 2010
Winx Club 2011
Bubble Guppies 2011
Bucket & Skinner's Epic Adventures 2011
House of Anubis 2011
Supah Ninjas 2011
Power Rangers Samurai 2011
Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness 2011
The Legend of Korea 2012
How to Rock 2012
You Gotta See This 2012
Fred: The Show 2012
Robot and Monster 2012
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2012
Marvin Marvin 2012
Monsters vs. Aliens 2013
Sam & Cat 2013
Deadtime Stories 2013
The Haunted Hathaways 2013
Rabbids Invasion 2013
Power Rangers Megaforce 2013
Peter Rabbit 2013
The Thundermans 2013
AwesomenessTV 2013
Digimon Fusion 2013
Sanjay and Craig 2013
Rocket Monkeys 2013
PAW Patrol 2013
Henry Danger 2014
Blaze and the Monster Machines 2014
Breadwinners 2014
Every Witch Way 2014
Webheads 2014
ReactToThat 2014
Wallykazam! 2014
Nicky, Ricky, Dicky, and Dawn 2014
Max & Shred 2014
Dora and Friends: Into the City! 2014
Harvey Beaks 2015
Shimmer and Shine 2015
ALVINNN!!! and the Chipmunks 2015
Bella and the Bulldogs 2015
Pig Goat Banana Cricket 2015
Fresh Beat Band of Spies 2015
Nick Jr. Puppies 2015
Oggy and the Cockroaches 2015
So Little Time 2015
Make It Pop 2015
Mutt & Stuff 2015
Talia in the Kitchen 2015
Game Shakers 2015
Power Rangers Dino Charge 2015
WITS Academy 2015
Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir 2015
The Loud House 2016
Rusty Rivets 2016
School of Rock 2016
Paradise Run 2016
All In with Cam Newton 2016
Crashletes 2016
Regal Academy 2016
Rank the Prank 2016
The Other Kingdom 2016
Jagger Eaton's Mega Life 2016
Kuu Kuu Harajuku 2016
I Am Frankie 2017
The Dude Perfect Show 2017
Nella the Princess Knight 2017
Bunsen is a Beast 2017
Hunter Street 2017
Mysticons 2017
Sunny Day 2017
Power Rangers Ninja Steel 2017
Ride 2017
Top Wing 2017
Welcome to the Wayne 2017
Lip Sync Battle Shorties 2017
Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2018
Knight Squad 2018
The Bureau of Magical Things 2018
Keep it Spotless 2018
Butterbean's Cafe 2018
Thomas & Friends 2018
The Adventures of Kid Danger 2018
Cousins for Life 2018
Abby Hatcher 2018
Peppa Pig 2018
Star Falls 2018
Middle School Moguls 2019
Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader? 2019
The Substitute 2019
Power Rangers Beast Morphers 2019
Lego City Adventures 2019
Corn & Peg 2019
The Casagrandes 2019
Blue's Clues & You! 2019
America's Most Musical Family 2019
Rainbow Butterfly Unicorn Kitty 2019
American Ninja Warrior 2019
Lego Jurassic World: Legend of Isla Nublar 2019
Ryan's Mystery Playdate 2019
Pony 2019
Top Elf 2019
44 Cats 2019
Ricky Zoom 2019
Wonder Park 2019
Glitch Techs 2020
Santiago of the Seas 2020
Rugrats (reboot) 2020
Paddington 2020
Kamp Koral 2020
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